Know Your Team Members
Leadership is one of the essential skills a project manager must have. Leadership is defined as the process of influencing others to support the accomplishment of a task. As a project manager you have to lead your team members to the successful completion of the project.
Leading team members usually takes the form of providing guidance and/or support in accomplishing a task. Guidance is telling the team member what to do, what is the next step. Support is telling the team member how to take the next step.
However, not all team members are the same. Some need more guidance and/or support than others. In general team members can be divided in four types. Each type requires a different type of leadership. Leadership has to be personalized.
Type 1: much guidance, little support
These types you have to tell them what to do next and then they accomplish the task with little or no support. Lead this type of team member by telling them what to do next.
Type 2: much guidance, much support
These team members may be new to project management and you have to tell them what to do next and them how to accomplish the task. Lead these types by telling them what to do and how to do it.
Type 3: little guidance, much support
Some team members know what to do next, but may be a bit uncertain. Lead these types by telling them how the task can be accomplished. Many mentoring models are based on this approach. These types are the future managers: they know the steps to be taken to complete the task at hand.
Type 4: little guidance, little support
Team members of this type can work independent. This is the team member you want to leave in charge when you go on vacation.